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Stabilant 22 Contact Enhancer Application Notes

App. Note 38 - Stabilant R & D Goals

Background

Goals

In 1976 we, while manufacturing audio equipment, encountered major problem with switches which were being used at very low signal levels. Although mechanical efficient, they demonstrated excessive RF demodulation effects, thin-film distortion anomalies and intermittent microphonics. All attempts to rectify these problems b cleaning or the application of protective materials (such as oils), had only a shorter palliative effect.

Because we were working with audio voltages as low as 80 microvolts, into impedance's of from 40 ohms to 47 Kohms, we also encountered unsatisfactory behavior from the connectors used in the system.

Being aware of the probable evolution of low-power (CMOS) logic and the burden this would place on connector systems, we decided in 1977 to develop a coating treatment which could be applied to electromechanical contacts in order to make them more reliable.

We set forth several goals for the material: (not in order of importance)

  1. It had to be easy to apply
  2. It should have a long life, both on the shelf and in actual use. (>> 5 years).
  3. It should be very stable, especially in its resistance to "Varnishing" due to cross-linking caused by the presence of: sulfur or sulfur-compounds on or in the vicinity of the contacts, the presence of other curing agents either in elastomers or plastics used in the connector or switch construction, or airborne contaminants cross-linking-initiation compounds.
  4. While the material should be capable of providing a limit to the degradation the connector this limit should be sufficiently close to the normal "New-condition-operating limit such that it would be within the connector's operational envelope.
  5. The material should have a switching-gradient of between 10,000 and 15,00 volts/inch when applied to insulating systems such that its "unswitched" presence would not cause leakage between adjacent contacts, yet it should have a low effective volume resistance when in the "switched" condition.
  6. The material should be a good lubricant.
  7. The material should have the ability to permeate and/or lift corrosion byproducts from the active surface of connections and keep the material in suspension for very long periods of time and so prevent RF rectification and thin-film distortion effects.
  8. The material should be non-toxic.
  9. The material should not require dilution with any CFC or other environmentally sensitive solvent such as tri-chloro-ethylene in order to provide a surfactant action. If it had to be thinned in order to produce the desired film thickness, any diluants needed should be as non-toxic as possible.
  10. The material should not cause any adverse effects on any plastic used in the electronics industry.
  11. The material should be compatible with the majority of the elastomers used in the electronics industry.
  12. Ideally, the vapor pressure should be low enough so that it could be used in satellite applications without having to be concerned with out-gassing.
  13. The material should have a temperature envelope of from -70'C to at least +170C.

Summary

It took us from 1977 to 1982 to develop such a material and to satisfy ourselves that we had met the design parameters. Extensive field testing was done during the development and the material was released to the Canadian Armed Forces in 1983 for trials as well as being introduced to the consumer electronics market at that time.

Revision 1


Stabilants are a product of Dayton Wright research & development and are made in Canada

NSCM/Cage Code - NATO Supply Code 38948

15 mL of S22A has NATO Part # 5999-21-900-6937


The Stabilants are patented in Canada - 1987; US Patent number 4696832. World-wide patents pending. Because the patents cover contacts treated with the material, a Point-of-sale License is granted with each sale of the material.

MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEETS ARE AVAILABLE ON REQUEST


Stabilant, Stabilant 22, and product type variations thereof are Trade Marks of D.W. Electrochemicals Ltd.

Copyright 2003 - D.W. Electrochemicals Ltd. This note may be reproduced or copied, provided its content is not altered. The term "contact enhancer", 1983 Wright Electroacoustics.


NOTICE: This Application Note is based on customer-supplied information, and D.W. Electrochemicals is publishing it for information purposes only. In the event of a conflict between the instructions supplied by the manufacturer of the equipment on which the Stabilant material was used, and the service procedure employed by our customer, we recommend that the manufacturer be contacted to make sure that warranties will not be voided by the procedures.

While to our knowledge the information is accurate, prospective users of the material should determine the suitability of the Stabilant materials for their application by running their own tests. Neither D.W. Electrochemicals Ltd., their distributors, or their dealers assume any responsibility or liability for damages to equipment and/or any consequent damages, howsoever caused, based on the use of this information.

Stabilant, Stabilant 22, and product type variations thereof are Trade Marks of D.W Electrochemicals Ltd.

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Stabilant
Stabilant 22 Contact Enhancer

Stabilant 22 Contact Enhancer

We carry the complete line of Stabilant products. Looking for something not listed here? Please contact us.
Stabilant 22
APPLICATION NOTES
1. Electronic Equipment
2. Computer cards
3. Schadow switches
4. Mic connectors
5. RTS & Dual plug patch bays
6. Biomedical Electronics
7. Computing & Peripherals
8. Cable TV
9. Robotics
10. Environmental Impact
11. Recording studios
12. Broadcast equipment
13. Mobile Radio
14. Educational computing
15. Stereo systems
16. Aid to IC insertion
17. Navigational equipment
18. Card edge conn. problems
19. Complex process control
20. Automotive service
21. Gold plating/solder alloy
22. Very high humidity
23. High current thermal runaway
24. Car stereo systems
25. Plastic element pots.
26. Farm machinery & trucks
27. Model & hobby
28. RF case seals
29. Outdoor environments
30. Computer crashes
31. Relays & switches
32. Silicone problems
33. Tin-plated contacts
34. Solder flux & resin residue
35. Post application color tinting
36. Aircraft connectors w/ flurosilicones
37. Avoiding unsafe solvents
38. S22 R&D Design Goals
39. Stabilant use on PLCC's
40. Sensor problem solution
41. Repair of flood damage
42. Marine electrical & electronics
43. All Cameras & Video Equipment
44. SCSI removable SCA drives, caddies & connections
45. Home Theater & Computer Connectors

Some of these application notes are repetitive of material in other application notes. We realize this. But some were written as a reference to a contact problem in a particular field or application.

NOTICE: This data has been supplied for information purposes only. While to our knowledge it is accurate, users should determine the suitability of the material for their application by running their own tests. Neither R.A.L. Audio Services, D.W. Electrochemicals Ltd., their distributors, or their dealers assume any responsibility or liability for damages to equipment and/or consequent damages, howsoever caused, based on the use of this information.
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Stabilant 22
REVIEWS
Over the years, Stabilant 22 has been highly parsed in publications that target a wide range of electronics applications including:
* Andrew Marshall's Audio Ideas Guide
* BYTE Magazine (7 articles)
* Windows Magazine
* Q.S.T. Amateur Radio
* Model Railroads (2 articles)
* Motor Magazine
Stabilant 22
TECHNICAL NOTES
1. MSDS - Stabilant 22
2. General Information
4. MSDS - Stabilant 22A
5. MSDS - Stabilant 22E
9. MSDS - Stabilant 22L
20. Military Applications
21. Elastomer Compatibility
22. Effectiveness of Stabilants
24. Connector Harmonic Distortion
39. Signal rise time

There are gaps in the sequence numbers below because some Technical Note s were written by the manufacturer for specific companies and are confidential.

NOTICE: This data has been supplied for information purposes only. While to our knowledge it is accurate, users should determine the suitability of the material for their application by running their own tests. Neither R.A.L. Audio Services, D.W. Electrochemicals Ltd., their distributors, or their dealers assume any responsibility or liability for damages to equipment and/or consequent damages, howsoever caused, based on the use of this information.
Stabilant
Stabilant 22 Contact Enhancer

Stabilant 22 Contact Enhancer

We carry the complete line of Stabilant products. Looking for something not listed here? Please contact us.

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